Victoria Berg, 84
Victoria Edna (Narr) Berg was born in Minneapolis on Aug. 20, 1931 to Victor and Edna (Noerenberg) Narr. She grew up in Howard Lake, Minn., was baptized and confirmed at the St. James Lutheran Church, and attended the St. James School to the 8th grade. She went on to graduate from the Howard Lake High School in 1949.
On Sept. 17, 1950, she was united in marriage to Duane Berg at St. James Lutheran Church in Howard Lake. They were wed by Reverend Theo Melinat. They made their home in rural Annandale on the family farm. There they remained for many years and raised their family.
In addition to helping on the farm and tending her large gardens, sewing and baking, Vickies’ passion was to teach piano and organ to several generations of students for over 60 years. Traveling and volunteering with music were activities she enjoyed.
Victoria passed away at the Ridgeview Hospital of Waconia on Jan. 31, 2016. She had reached the age of 84 years, 5 months and 11 days.
Survivors include: children, Joey (Connie) Berg of Howard Lake, Jayne (Dan) Kyllonen of Howard Lake, Julianne (Tom) Marcsisak of Waconia and Jacquelyn (Donn) Dierks of Council Bluffs, Iowa; grandchildren, Jami (Sarah) Berg, Cari (Joe) Backes, Candice (Brendan) Dolan, Jeffrey (Andrea) Kyllonen, Jodi (special friend Robert Cielke) Kyllonen, Tara (Dustin) Bones, Tiffany (Ronnie) Olson, Tonya (Vlad) Spector, Devin Dart, Crystal Dierks, and Savannah Dierks; 13 great-grandchildren; sister-in-law, Luella (Dale) Vitalis; 3 nieces; 1 nephew; and other relatives and friends.
Victoria was preceded in death by: her parents, Victor and Edna Narr; husband, Duane; and brother, Leland Narr.
There will be a visitation for Victoria on Saturday, Feb. 6 from 1-4 p.m. at Swanson-Peterson funeral home of Howard Lake. There will be a prayer service at 3 p.m. Interment will be at the Mt. Herman Lutheran Cemetery.
Lois DeGraw, 68
Lois J. DeGraw, 68, passed away peacefully surrounded by her family on Sunday, January 31. She fought an 18-month battle with cancer.
Funeral service 11 a.m. on Thursday, Feb. 4 at Zion Lutheran Church, Buffalo. Visitation from 4-8 p.m. on Wednesday, Feb. 3 at the Peterson Chapel, Buffalo and one hour prior to service on Thursday at the church. Interment Zion Cemetery, Buffalo.
She was born on Nov. 1, 1947 to George and Alice (Peters) Caspers in Willmar, Minn. She grew up on a farm outside of Raymond, Minn. with her three sisters and one brother.
Lois met Larry DeGraw at the age of 17. They married on July 12, 1968. Their marriage was blessed with two children, who were raised in Willmar until moving to the Twin Cities in 1993. They moved to Buffalo in 2006.
Lois worked at Jefferson Elementary in Willmar until they moved to the cities. She worked alongside Larry and their son, Todd, for many years in construction. After moving to Buffalo, she worked in housecleaning. She retired in June of 2015.
Preceded in death by: her husband, Larry in 2009; parents, George and Alice (Peters) Caspers; and sister, Colleen Caspers.
Survived by: her son, Todd (RoxAnne) DeGraw of Willmar, Minn.; daughter, Tonya DeGraw of Monticello, Minn.; four grandchildren, Zachary DeGraw, Katie DeGraw, Aiden Bergin, and Kieran Bergin; a great-granddaughter, Serenity Gerke; brother, Bryan (Kristi) Caspers of Raymond, Minn.; sisters, Audrey (Jim) Koenen of Clara City, Minn. and Judy (Mark) Thompson of Spicer, Minn.; and many nieces and nephews.
The Peterson Chapel in Buffalo is serving the family.
Mary Domka, 78
Mary Domka, 78, of Buffalo passed away Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016 at her home surrounded by family.
Mary Helen Domka was born Sept. 14, 1937 in Minneapolis, the daughter of Robert Henry and Verena (Arrell) Kneefe. She grew up in St. Peter, Minn. and graduated in 1955 from St. Peter High School.
On Aug. 8, 1964, Mary Helen Kneefe and Thomas Charles Domka were joined in holy marriage at St. Alphonsus Catholic Church in Brooklyn Center. The family made their home in Brooklyn Center for 25 years. They then moved to St. Michael for 11 years before settling in Buffalo in 2002.
Mary enjoyed volunteering in the office at St. Francis Xavier Catholic School, watching birds, spending time with her grandchildren, and she loved the simple things in life. She was a devout Catholic.
She is survived by: her five children and grandchildren, Michael (Vicki) and Emma Domka of Becker, Michelle (Hans) and Brianna and Tyler Klinepier of Becker, Tim (Jennifer) and Spencer Domka of Buffalo, Gregory (Melissa) and Mitchell, Danielle, McKenna and Jordan Domka of Monticello, and Katie and Gretchen Domka of Buffalo; siblings, Pat (Katie) Kneefe of New Ulm, Tim (Nancy) Kneefe of Anoka and Bernadette Kneefe of Montana; sister-in-law, Nancy Kneefe of Maple Grove; and many nieces, nephews, family, and friends.
Preceded in death by: her parents; husband, Tom Domka; and brother, Bob Kneefe.
Honorary urn bearers were her grandchildren: Emma Domka, Brianna Klinepier, Tyler Klinepier, Spencer Domka, Mitchell Domka, Danielle Domka, McKenna Domka, Jordan Domka, and Gretchen Domka.
Mass of Christian Burial was scheduled on Monday, Feb. 1 at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church in Buffalo, with visitation Sunday at the church. A private family interment will be at a later date.
The Peterson Chapel of Buffalo assisted the family with arrangements.
Donald Ehrenberg Sr., 85
Donald H. Ehrenberg Sr., 85, of Buffalo was born on May 2, 1930 in Waukesha, Wis. the son of Henry and Lulu (Dahlke).
He was baptized on June 8, 1930 at Grace Lutheran Church in Waukesha. He was confirmed in the Lutheran faith on May 28, 1944 at St. Luke’s Lutheran Church in St. Louis Park, Minn. by the Rev. Herbert Bohlmann.
Donald worked for many years as a mechanic for both Minneapolis Moline and UPS.
He passed away peacefully at the Park View Care Center on Jan. 31, 2016 surrounded by his family.
Don is survived by: his wife of 59 years, Rosemary; children, Sheila (Daniel) Lewis, Donald (Colleen) and William (Linda); grandchildren, Donald (Kara) Lewis, Heather (Daniel) Willey, Angela (Christopher) Kruse, Danielle (Thomas) LaPlant, Nicholas (Nikki) Ehrenberg, Bridget (Nathan) Clark, Lisa (Ryan) Krause, and Michael (Felicia) Ehrenberg; and great-grandchildren, Joselyn, Adrienne, Daniel, Austin, Olivia, Bradley, Jackson, Robert, Faith, Caleb, Shelby, Elyse, Gideon, Susannah, Karlee, Ty, and Kaylyn.
He was preceded in death by his parents and an infant brother.
Funeral service for Donald is taking place on Friday, Feb. 5 at 7 p.m., with visitation also on Friday from 4-7 p.m. all at the Peterson Chapel in Buffalo. Rev. Michael Barlow of Cross Lutheran Church in Rockford is officiating. Interment will be at Elmwood Cemetery in Rockford.
The Peterson Chapel of Buffalo is serving the family.
Caroline Madsen, 87
Caroline “Kay” Shirley Madsen, 87, was born April 12, 1928 to Agnes Theresa and Frank Joseph Danenfelzer in Aitkin, Minn.
She passed away Jan. 30, 2016 at Lake Ridge Care Center in Buffalo, Minn.
Kay was united in marriage to the late Henry Madsen on Oct. 23, 1950 in Superior, Wis. There were four children to this union: Kristine (David) Nelson of Naperville, Ill., Polly (John) Foote of Waconia, Minn., Sammy (Tracy) Madsen of Buffalo, Minn., and the late Michael Madsen of Ohio. She is also survived by: her loving grandchildren, Allison, Ashley, Jamie and Jennie Nelson, Cole and Ellie Madsen, and Hunter Madsen; brother, Corky (Mary) Danenfelzer of Superior, Wis.; niece, Jennifer (Jon) Eisemann; and nephew, David (Kendra) Danenfelzer.
Kay worked for the local Montgomery Wards in Superior 17 years. After retirement, she volunteered at the Senior Center, Indianhead Services, Teamsters 346 Club, and St. Francis Travelers Club. Kay moved to Buffalo, Minn. in May of 2013.
She was preceded in death by the Henry and Michael Madsen.
A celebration of life was held Tuesday, Feb. 2 at the Friendship Center at Lake Ridge Care Center in Buffalo. Interment was planned at Greenwood Cemetery in Superior, Wis.
In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Lake Ridge Care Center in Buffalo.
Serving the family is the Peterson Chapel of Buffalo.
Raymond Marquette, 57
Raymond Marquette, 57, of rural Buffalo passed away on Monday, Feb. 1, 2016 at Abbott-Northwestern Hospital in Minneapolis.
Funeral arrangements for Raymond Marquette are pending at the Peterson Chapel in Buffalo.
Teresa McGrath, 83
Teresa Patricia McGrath, 83, of Montrose passed away on Jan. 25, 2016 at her home with her husband and daughter by her side.
She was born on Oct. 2, 1932 in Sligo, Ireland to Martin and Anne (Kells) Byrne.
Teresa was a loving wife, mother and grandmother. Teresa and her husband, Jim, were longtime farmers in the Woodland Township area, running the McGrath farmstead (which has been in existence since 1869). She had a special place in her heart for animals, especially her cats, dogs and cows. She was a member of the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church in Watertown.
She was preceded in death by her parents. She is survived by: her husband, James; daughter, Colleen Byrne; son, Martin Novak; 9 grandchildren; 7 great-grandchildren; sisters, Monica Niknot and Annie Gonzalez; sister-in-law, Kathleen (Glenn) Johnson; and nieces, nephews, cousins, and friends.
Mass of Christian Burial is taking place on Friday, Feb. 5, 11 a.m., at Immaculate Conception Catholic Church in Watertown. Visitation will be Friday from 9 to 11 a.m. prior to Mass, all at the church. Interment will be in the church cemetery.
Arrangements are by Iten’s Watertown Funeral Home.
Bernadine Neumann, 84
Bernadine M. “Bernie” Johnson Neumann, 84, of the Plymouth and Hamel area, passed away Mon. Feb. 1, 2016 with her family by her side.
Mass of Christian Burial will be 10:30 a.m. Thursday, Feb. 4 at the Church of St. Joseph of Medicine Lake, Plymouth, with interment at the church cemetery. Visitation was scheduled for Wednesday, Feb. 3 from 4 to 8 p.m. at Gearty Delmore Plymouth Chapel, and again after 9:00 a.m. Thursday at the church.
A complete obituary is forthcoming.
Judith Patterson, 65
Judith Marie Patterson, 65, of Buffalo passed away Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016.
Judy was born June 11, 1950 in Willmar, Minn., the daughter of Harold Benard and Ruth Eva (Steinhilber) Bengtson. She was baptized and confirmed in her faith at Ebenezer Lutheran Church in Kandiyohi, Minn. She graduated from Willmar High School and furthered her education at Willmar VoTech. Judy worked for Honeywell until her retirement.
On June 10, 1972, Judith Marie Bengtson and Richard Stephen Patterson were united in marriage at Ebenezer Lutheran Church in Kandiyohi. The two were blessed with a daughter and son.
Judy was a member of Zion Lutheran Church in Buffalo, Minn. She enjoyed crocheting, reading, baking, cooking, and time spent with her family.
She is survived by: her husband, Rich Patterson; daughter, Angie (Dave) Salo and their daughter, Melia, 4; son, Adam (Lindsey) Patterson and their twins, Ava and Wyatt, 10; siblings, Roger (Barb) Bengtson and Elaine (Dale) Wick; sister-in-law, Shirley Bengtson; and many nieces, nephews, family, and friends.
Preceded in death by her parents and brother, Ron Bengtson.
Memorial service for Judy is taking place Monday, Feb. 8, 11 a.m., with visitation one hour prior, at the Peterson Chapel in Buffalo.
Serving the family is the Peterson Chapel in Buffalo.
Glenn Pilarski, 71
Glenn James Pilarski, 71, of Delano passed away on Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016 at Marie Steiner Kelting Hospice Home in Chaska. He had been battling cancer for one and a half years.
Glenn was born on Sept. 12, 1944 in Silver Lake to Phil and Helen (Jagodzinski) Pilarski. He grew up in Silver Lake, living above the barbershop his father owned. He attended school in Silver Lake. Glenn had many friends in Silver Lake, many with whom he maintained close relationships.
He served with the Army in West Germany as a member of the 3rd Armor Division. After his time in the service, he attended St. Cloud State College, majoring in Business/Administration and Accounting. In 1970, Glenn received his CPA license.
He married his beautiful wife, Jean Vorlicek, on June 20, 1970. In Glenn’s words, they had “three remarkable children.” They moved to Delano after Glenn accepted a position with Rembrandt Enterprises (Delano Granite Works). He started his own public accounting firm in 1975. Glenn and Bonnie Sinkel created the accounting firm of Pilarski & Sinkel and Co. in 1984. In 1986, Tom Hankes joined the accounting firm, and in 1988, the firm was called by its current name of Pilarski, Sinkel & Hankes, Ltd. Keith Ledin joined the firm in 1988 and became the final piece of the long-lasting and successful business. Glenn semi-retired in 2000 and fully retired in 2014.
In 1976, he and Jeanie purchased a cabin on Bass Lake near Annandale. The cabin had to be “no farther than an hour away from Delano.” Many lifelong friendships were made at Bass Lake. Time at the cabin with family and friends was always treasured.
Glenn had many valued friends, and outings with them were among his favorite activities. These included hunting with the Ditty clan, fishing and gambling with Tom, pheasant hunting with Jon and his boys, and elk hunting with Jeff, Clyde, Gary and Kevin. He also enjoyed Wednesday golfing, morning dice at Flippin’ Bills, reading a good book and the daily Star Tribune, and “putzing around” with various projects. Glenn was also part of a long-lasting card club that started in 1988.
Glenn was a hard working husband and father, always planning and making lists so nothing would be forgotten.
He is survived by: his wife of 45 years, Jean; children, Ann (Mike) Alvord, Paul (Jessica) and Sara (Cory) Svobodny; grandchildren, Ben, Mitchell and Alex Alvord, Aidan and Kate Pilarski, and Anya, Sophie and Raeya Svobodny; and siblings, Phil (Marina), Sharon (Dale) Miska and Mary (Neil) Wegner. He was preceded in death by his parents and sister-in-law, Jackie Pilarski.
Memorial services will take place Saturday, Feb. 13, 11 a.m., at St. Peter’s Catholic Church in Delano. Gathering of family and friends will be 9:00-10:45 a.m. on Saturday in Martha’s Hall of St. Peter’s Catholic Church. Following the service, lunch will be served at the Delano American Legion.
Memorial donations may be made to Delano Helping Hands Food Shelf or Delano Relay for Life.
Arrangements are by the Iten Funeral Home in Delano.
Mildred Plaggerman, 91
Mildred Florence “Millie” Plaggerman, 91, of Buffalo, formerly of Silver Creek, passed away on Saturday, Jan. 30, 2016 at the Lake Ridge Care Center of Buffalo, where she had been a resident for the past 11 years.
Visitation was scheduled on Wednesday, Feb. 3 at the Silver Creek Community Church, Maple Lake, with the funeral service following. Interment was planned at Lakeview Cemetery. Funeral arrangements were with the Peterson-Grimsmo Chapel of Monticello.
Millie was born on Oct. 1, 1924 in Corinna Township to Henry and Anna (Mol) Plaggerman. She lived in Silver Creek on a farm her entire life before moving to the retirement center in Buffalo 11 years ago. She attended the Silver Creek Community Church for many years.
Mildred was preceded in death by: her parents, Henry and Anna; and siblings, Harry Plaggerman, Jennie Plaggerman, Bert Plaggerman, Fanny Breeschoten, Henrietta Alberts, Roy Plaggerman, Frances Bloom, Donald Plaggerman, Kenny Plaggerman, and James Plaggerman. She is survived by: brother-in-law, Richard Bloom; sisters-in-law, Norma Plaggerman and Jeanette Berg; and several nieces and nephews.
Bernard Roden, 84
Bernard Jerome Roden, 84, of Albertville passed away peacefully surrounded by his family on Thursday, Jan. 28, 2016.
Bernard was born Jan. 2, 1932 in Otsego Township, Minn., the son of Rudolph Stephen and Anna Agnes (Kirscht) Roden. He graduated from Elk River High School in 1950.
He was a proud U.S. Marine Corps Veteran and volunteered with the Albertville Fire Department 29 years. He was a lifelong farmer and hard worker. He enjoyed anything outdoors, including fishing and snowmobiling, playing cards, watching sports, and time spent with his family.
He was baptized and confirmed in his faith at St. Albert’s Catholic Church in Albertville and was a faithful parish member.
On Sept. 11, 1971, Bernard Jerome Roden and Judith Anna Haman were united in marriage at St. John the Baptist Catholic Church in Bluffton, Minn. by Father Virnig.
Preceded in death by: his parents; first wife, Carol Rae Roden; siblings, Gerald (Eleanor) Roden, Clifford Roden, Lucille (Victor) Weinzetl, Erwin Roden, and Eleanor Nash; and brother-in-law, Orville Vetsch.
Bernard is survived by: his loving wife, Judith Roden of Albertville; children, Allan (Angie) Roden of Monticello, Kevin (Anita) Roden of Albertville, Carmen (Tim) Von Ruden of Claremont, and Brian (Kelly) Roden of Milaca; 16 grandchildren; 9 great-grandchildren; siblings, Del Rose (Richard) Bender, Marlene Vetsch and Ronald (Nancy) Roden; siblings-in-law, Pearl Roden, Loretta Roden and Jim Nash; and many nieces, nephews, family, and friends.
Mass of Christian Burial Monday, Feb. 1, with visitation one hour prior, at St. Albert’s Catholic Church in Albertville, Father Joah Ellis as celebrant. Visitation with prayer service Sunday, Jan. 31 at the church. Interment at the church cemetery was planned.
Casket bearers (Bernard’s grandsons): Derek Roden, Aaron Roden, Tyler Roden, Nathan Roden, Joseph Von Ruden, Andrew Roden, and Seth Roden.
In lieu of flowers, memorials preferred to a charity of donor’s choice in Bernard’s name.
Serving the family is the Peterson Chapel St. Michael-Albertville Funeral Home in St. Michael.
Ida Schaefer, 94
Ida E. Schaefer, 94, of Buffalo, formerly of Marty, died Friday, Jan. 29, 2016 at Park View Care Center in Buffalo.
Mass of Christian Burial was scheduled on Tuesday, Feb. 2 at Holy Cross Catholic Church in Pearl Lake with Fr. Ronald Weyrens as the Celebrant. Burial was to follow at Holy Cross Catholic Cemetery. Visitation with prayer service was scheduled on Monday at Dingmann Funeral Care Chapel, Annandale and one hour prior to the funeral on Tuesday at the church.
Ida Eva Schaefer was born July 1, 1921 in Marty to Charles and Ida (Schreiber) Schneider. She grew up and lived her entire life in Marty.
On Nov. 24, 1945, Ida was united in marriage to Vernon Douglas Schaefer at Holy Cross Catholic Church in Marty. There Union was blessed with 5 children, 24 grandchildren and 20 great-grandchildren. Ida was a member of Holy Cross Catholic Church and the Christian Mothers. She enjoyed crocheting blankets for her grandchildren, baking, preparing family meals, and spending time with friends, family and grandchildren.
She is survived by: her children and their spouses, Ida and John Kelsey of North Aurora, Ill., Virginia and Thomas Triplett of Delano, Steven and Roberta Schaefer of O’Fallon, Ill., Michael and Jeannie Schaefer of Buffalo, and Ellen and Charles Lett of Springfield, Mo.; brother and his spouse, Gregor and Juletta Schneider of St. Cloud; 22 grandchildren; and 20 great-grandchildren. She was preceded in death by: her parents, Charles and Ida Schneider; husband, Vernon Schaefer; grandsons, Joseph Triplett and Josh Kelsey; and brothers, Alexander and Alfred Schneider.
The casket bearers were Ida’s grandchildren. Julene Faber-Andrusick was asked to provide the music for the service.
Arrangements were entrusted with Dingmann Funeral Care Burial & Cremation Services of Annandale.
Ancil Walden, 92
Ancil Walden, 92, of Buffalo passed away on Tuesday, Jan. 26, 2016 at Lake Ridge Care Center in Buffalo.
He was born on Sept. 28, 1923 in Buffalo the son of Gilbert and Clara (Bonstrom) Walden. He was baptized on Nov. 18, 1923 at Carlslund Lutheran Church in Buffalo by Pastor Nystrom. He was also instructed in the Lutheran Catechism and confirmed in the Christian faith on May 29, 1938 by Pastor Callerstrom.
Ancil’s father was Gilbert Walden, and his first home was what is now part of Wild Marsh Golf Course. He farmed in the summer and worked in logging camps in Northern Minnesota during the winter. In 1922, Ancil’s father built his homestead and barn along the road we now call State Highway 25. It was in this house, just one and a half miles south of the present Zion Lutheran Church that Ancil and his sister, Marian, lived all of their lives. Marian died in 2005, making Ancil the only living member of his family.
Ancil was a lifelong member of Zion Lutheran Church in Buffalo, where he was an usher, and his sister, Marian, was the church financial secretary. Often, the offering was taken home, where Ancil and Marian counted it.
For forty years, Ancil recorded the daily moisture for Wright County and once a month he sent the record to the DNR in St. Paul. In the 1960s, Ancil went from farming to raising chickens. He built a 160-foot chicken house and raised 6,000-7,000 chickens. Trucks picked up eggs every week, and Ancil delivered some to nearby towns.
Funeral services for Ancil Walden were scheduled on Monday, Feb. 1 at Zion Lutheran Church in Buffalo with Pastor Luke Schmidt officiating and interment following at Zion Lutheran Cemetery in Buffalo. Diane Johnson was the organist for the funeral service.
A visitation was scheduled on Monday an hour prior to services at the church.
Casket bearers were: Larry Bengtson, Len Bengtson, Dale Heins, Charlie King, Steve Peterson, Bruce Schmidt, Dale Fadden, and Gordy Dramen.
The Peterson Chapel in Buffalo served the family.
Myra Wright, 75
Myra I. Wright, 75, of South Haven, formerly of Montrose, passed away at her residence on Jan. 26, 2016.
She was born on May 16, 1940 in Watertown the daughter of Albert and Emma (Rolf) Graunke.
On March 19, 1965, Myra I. Graunke and Gary L. Wright were joined in holy marriage at St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Montrose. God blessed their marriage with two sons, Mike and Paul. Gary preceded Myra in death on May 26, 1998.
On May 8, 2005, Myra I. Wright and Eugene Kusha were joined in marriage at St. Mary’s Czestochowa Church in rural Delano. Myra was formerly employed at Tonka Toys, Red’s Café and also did housecleaning in the Wayzata area for many years.
She enjoyed reading, gardening, flowers, playing cards, fishing, garage sales, and especially her grandchildren.
Survived by: her husband, Eugene “Gene” Kusha of South Haven; her sons, Mike (Kellie) Wright and Paul Wright, both of Montrose; four grandchildren, Brittany, Samantha, Kurt, and Kirstin; stepdaughters, Linda Danielson of Delano, Kim (Chris) Capaul of Mayer and Tammie (Rick) Trevena of Eden Prairie; fourteen step-grandchildren and eight step-great-grandchildren; sisters, Carol (Garry) Brausen of Buffalo, Janice (Norris) Hirsch of Nevis, Donna Brown of Minneapolis, and Leora (Eldon) Krause of Delano; and many other relatives and friends.
In addition to her first husband, Myra was preceded in death by: her parents, Albert and Emma Graunke; brothers, Willard, Merlin, Wilbur, Delphon, and Orville Graunke; and by an infant sister, Ethel.
Funeral services for Myra Wright were scheduled on Saturday, Jan. 30 at St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Montrose with Pastor James Grabitske officiating. A private interment was planned at St. Paul’s Lutheran Cemetery. A funeral lunch was planned at the K.C. Hall in Waverly. A visitation was scheduled on Saturday an hour prior to the time of services at the church.
Memorials are suggested for the American Cancer Society.
Arrangements for Myra Wright were by the Peterson Chapel in Buffalo.